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43 multi_map

%--------------------------------------------------%
% vim: ts=4 sw=4 et ft=mercury
%--------------------------------------------------%
% Copyright (C) 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002-2006, 2011 The University of Melbourne.
% This file may only be copied under the terms of the GNU Library General
% Public License - see the file COPYING.LIB in the Mercury distribution.
%--------------------------------------------------%
%
% File: multi_map.m.
% Main author: dylan.
% Stability: medium.
%
% This file provides the 'multi_map' ADT.
% A map (also known as a dictionary or an associative array) is a collection
% of (Key, Value) pairs which allows you to look up any Value given the Key.
% A multi_map is similar, but it allows more than one Value for each Key.
%
% This is implemented almost as a special case of map.m.
%
%--------------------------------------------------%
%--------------------------------------------------%

:- module multi_map.
:- interface.

:- import_module assoc_list.
:- import_module list.
:- import_module map.
:- import_module set.

%--------------------------------------------------%

:- type multi_map(K, V) == map(K, list(V)).

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Return an empty multi_map.
    %
:- func init = multi_map(_K, _V).
:- pred init(multi_map(_K, _V)::uo) is det.

    % Check whether the multi_map is empty.
    %
:- pred is_empty(multi_map(_K, _V)::in) is semidet.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Check whether the multi_map has an entry for the given key.
    %
:- pred contains(multi_map(K, _V)::in, K::in) is semidet.

    % Succeed once for each key-value pair in the multi_map.
    %
:- pred member(multi_map(K, V)::in, K::out, V::out) is nondet.

    % If the multi_map has an entry for the given key, return the
    % list of corresponding values.
    %
:- pred search(multi_map(K, V)::in, K::in, list(V)::out) is semidet.

    % If the multi_map has an entry for the given key,
    % succeed once for each of the corresponding values.
    %
:- pred nondet_search(multi_map(K, V)::in, K::in, V::out) is nondet.

    % If the multi_map has an entry for the given key,
    % succeed once for each of the corresponding values.
    % Otherwise, abort.
    %
:- func lookup(multi_map(K, V), K) = list(V).
:- pred lookup(multi_map(K, V)::in, K::in, list(V)::out) is det.

    % If the multi_map has an entry for the given key,
    % succeed once for each of the corresponding values.
    % Otherwise, abort.
    %
:- pred nondet_lookup(multi_map(K, V)::in, K::in, V::out) is nondet.

    % If the multi_map has an entry for keys with the given value,
    % succeed once for each of those keys.
    %
    % NOTE: The implementation of this predicate is necessarily inefficient,
    % and so this predicate is intended for non-performance-critical uses only.
    %
:- pred inverse_search(multi_map(K, V)::in, V::in, K::out) is nondet.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Add the given key-value pair to the multi_map.
    % Fail if the key already exists.
    %
:- pred insert(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is semidet.

    % Add the given key-value pair to the multi_map.
    % Abort if the key already exists.
    %
:- func det_insert(multi_map(K, V), K, V) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred det_insert(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Add the given key-value pair to the multi_map.
    % Fail if the key does not already exist.
    %
:- pred update(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is semidet.

    % Add the given key-value pair to the multi_map.
    % Abort if the key does not already exist.
    %
:- func det_update(multi_map(K, V), K, V) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred det_update(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Replace the list of values corresponding to the given key.
    % Fails if the key does not already exist.
    %
:- pred replace(K::in, list(V)::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is semidet.

    % Replace the list of values corresponding to the given key.
    % Aborts if the key does not already exist.
    %
:- func det_replace(multi_map(K, V), K, list(V)) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred det_replace(K::in, list(V)::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Add the given key-value pair to the multi_map.
    % (`add' is a synonym for `set'.)
    %
:- func set(multi_map(K, V), K, V) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred set(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.
:- func add(multi_map(K, V), K, V) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred add(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Add the given value-key pair to the multi_map.
    %
:- func reverse_set(multi_map(K, V), V, K) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred reverse_set(V::in, K::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Delete a key and its corresponding values from a multi_map.
    % If the key is not present, leave the multi_map unchanged.
    %
:- func delete(multi_map(K, V), K) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred delete(K::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Delete the given key-value pair from a multi_map.
    % If the key is not present, leave the multi_map unchanged.
    %
:- func delete(multi_map(K, V), K, V) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred delete(K::in, V::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Delete a key from a multi_map and return the list of values
    % previously corresponding to it.
    % Fail if the key is not present.
    %
:- pred remove(K::in, list(V)::out,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is semidet.

    % Delete a key from a multi_map and return the list of values
    % previously corresponding to it.
    % Abort if the key is not present.
    %
:- pred det_remove(K::in, list(V)::out,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Remove the smallest key and its corresponding values from the multi_map.
    % Fails if the multi_map is empty.
    %
:- pred remove_smallest(K::out, list(V)::out,
    multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is semidet.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Select takes a multi_map and a set of keys and returns a multi_map
    % containing only the keys in the set, together with their corresponding
    % values.
    %
:- func select(multi_map(K, V), set(K)) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred select(multi_map(K, V)::in, set(K)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % merge(MultiMapA, MultiMapB, MultiMap):
    %
    % Merge `MultiMapA' and `MultiMapB' so that
    %
    % - if a key occurs in both `MultiMapA' and `MultiMapB', then the values
    %   corresponding to that key in `MultiMap' will be the concatenation
    %   of the values to that key from `MultiMapA' and `MultiMapB'; while
    % - if a key occurs in only one of `MultiMapA' and `MultiMapB', then
    %   the values corresponding to it in that map will be carried over
    %   to `MultiMap'.
    %
:- func merge(multi_map(K, V), multi_map(K, V))
    = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred merge(multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Declaratively, a no-operation.
    % Operationally, a suggestion that the implementation optimize
    % the representation of the multi_map, in the expectation that the
    % following operations will consist of searches and lookups
    % but (almost) no updates.
    %
:- func optimize(multi_map(K, V)) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred optimize(multi_map(K, V)::in, multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Convert a multi_map to an association list.
    %
:- func to_flat_assoc_list(multi_map(K, V)) = assoc_list(K, V).
:- pred to_flat_assoc_list(multi_map(K, V)::in,
    assoc_list(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Convert an association list to a multi_map.
    %
:- func from_flat_assoc_list(assoc_list(K, V)) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred from_flat_assoc_list(assoc_list(K, V)::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Convert a multi_map to an association list, with all the values
    % for each key in one element of the association list.
    %
:- func to_assoc_list(multi_map(K, V)) = assoc_list(K, list(V)).
:- pred to_assoc_list(multi_map(K, V)::in,
    assoc_list(K, list(V))::out) is det.

    % Convert an association list with all the values for each key
    % in one element of the list to a multi_map.
    %
:- func from_assoc_list(assoc_list(K, list(V))) = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred from_assoc_list(assoc_list(K, list(V))::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Convert a sorted association list to a multi_map.
    %
:- func from_sorted_assoc_list(assoc_list(K, list(V)))
    = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred from_sorted_assoc_list(assoc_list(K, list(V))::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Convert the corresponding elements of a list of keys and a
    % list of values (which must be of the same length) to a multi_map.
    % A key may occur more than once in the list of keys.
    % Abort if the two lists are not the same length.
    %
:- func from_corresponding_lists(list(K), list(V))
    = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred from_corresponding_lists(list(K)::in, list(V)::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

    % Convert the corresponding elements of a list of keys and a
    % *list of lists* of values to a multi_map.
    % A key may *not* occur more than once in the list of keys.
    % Abort if the two lists are not the same length, or if a key
    % does occur more than once in the list of keys.
    %
:- func from_corresponding_list_lists(list(K), list(list(V)))
    = multi_map(K, V).
:- pred from_corresponding_list_lists(list(K)::in, list(list(V))::in,
    multi_map(K, V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Given a list of keys, produce a list of their values in a
    % specified multi_map.
    %
:- func apply_to_list(list(K), multi_map(K, V)) = list(V).
:- pred apply_to_list(list(K)::in, multi_map(K, V)::in, list(V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Given a multi_map, return a list of all the keys in it.
    %
:- func keys(multi_map(K, _V)) = list(K).
:- pred keys(multi_map(K, _V)::in, list(K)::out) is det.

    % Given a multi_map, return a list of all the values in it.
    %
:- func values(multi_map(_K, V)) = list(V).
:- pred values(multi_map(_K, V)::in, list(V)::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%

    % Count the number of keys in the multi_map.
    %
:- func count(multi_map(K, V)) = int.
:- pred count(multi_map(K, V)::in, int::out) is det.

    % Count the number of key-value pairs in the multi_map.
    %
:- func all_count(multi_map(K, V)) = int.
:- pred all_count(multi_map(K, V)::in, int::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%
%--------------------------------------------------%


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