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37 lexer

%--------------------------------------------------%
% vim: ft=mercury ts=4 sw=4 et
%--------------------------------------------------%
% Copyright (C) 1993-2000, 2003-2008, 2011-2012 The University of Melbourne.
% This file may only be copied under the terms of the GNU Library General
% Public License - see the file COPYING.LIB in the Mercury distribution.
%--------------------------------------------------%
%
% File: lexer.m.
% Main author: fjh.
% Stability: high.
%
% Lexical analysis. This module defines the representation of tokens
% and exports predicates for reading in tokens from an input stream.
%
% See ISO Prolog 6.4. Also see the comments at the top of parser.m.
%
%--------------------------------------------------%
%--------------------------------------------------%

:- module lexer.
:- interface.

:- import_module char.
:- import_module io.
:- import_module integer.

%--------------------------------------------------%

:- type token
    --->    name(string)
    ;       variable(string)
    ;       integer(integer_base, integer, signedness, integer_size)
    ;       float(float)
    ;       string(string)      % "...."
    ;       implementation_defined(string) % $name
    ;       open                % '('
    ;       open_ct             % '(' without any preceding whitespace
    ;       close               % ')'
    ;       open_list           % '['
    ;       close_list          % ']'
    ;       open_curly          % '{'
    ;       close_curly         % '}'
    ;       ht_sep              % '|'
    ;       comma               % ','
    ;       end                 % '.'
    ;       junk(char)          % junk character in the input stream
    ;       error(string)       % some other invalid token
    ;       io_error(io.error)  % error reading from the input stream
    ;       eof                 % end-of-file

    ;       integer_dot(integer).
            % The lexer will never return integer_dot. This token is used
            % internally in the lexer, to keep the grammar LL(1) so that
            % only one character of pushback is needed. But the lexer will
            % convert integer_dot/1 tokens to integer/1 tokens before
            % returning them.

:- type integer_base
    --->    base_2
    ;       base_8
    ;       base_10
    ;       base_16.

:- type signedness
    --->    signed
    ;       unsigned.

:- type integer_size
    --->    size_word
    ;       size_8_bit
    ;       size_16_bit
    ;       size_32_bit
    ;       size_64_bit.

    % For every token, we record the line number of the line on
    % which the token occurred.
    %
:- type token_context == int.   % line number

    % This "fat list" representation is more efficient than a list of pairs.
    %
:- type token_list
    --->    token_cons(token, token_context, token_list)
    ;       token_nil.

    % Read a list of tokens either from the current input stream
    % or from the specified input stream.
    % Keep reading until we encounter either an `end' token
    % (i.e. a full stop followed by whitespace) or the end-of-file.
    %
:- pred get_token_list(token_list::out, io::di, io::uo) is det.
:- pred get_token_list(io.text_input_stream::in, token_list::out,
    io::di, io::uo) is det.

    % The type `offset' represents a (zero-based) offset into a string.
    %
:- type offset == int.

    % string_get_token_list_max(String, MaxOffset, Tokens,
    %   InitialPos, FinalPos):
    %
    % Scan a list of tokens from a string, starting at the current offset
    % specified by InitialPos. Keep scanning until either we encounter either
    % an `end' token (i.e. a full stop followed by whitespace) or until we
    % reach MaxOffset. (MaxOffset must be =< the length of the string.)
    % Return the tokens scanned in Tokens, and return the position one
    % character past the end of the last token in FinalPos.
    %
:- pred string_get_token_list_max(string::in, offset::in, token_list::out,
    posn::in, posn::out) is det.

    % string_get_token_list(String, Tokens, InitialPos, FinalPos):
    %
    % calls string_get_token_list_max above with MaxPos = length of String.
    %
:- pred string_get_token_list(string::in, token_list::out,
    posn::in, posn::out) is det.

    % Convert a token to a human-readable string describing the token.
    %
:- pred token_to_string(token::in, string::out) is det.

%--------------------------------------------------%
%--------------------------------------------------%

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